Transportation Industry Update: Hours-of-Service Regulations and the Electronic Logging Device Mandate

Nicole Rickett

Vice President, Transportation Team

January 29, 2020

Nicole Rickett
Vice President, Transportation Team

A major issue for the U.S. trucking industry in recent years has been hours-of-service (HOS) regulations; rules that govern the working hours of an individual operating a commercial motor vehicle.

These rules limit the number of daily and weekly hours spent on the road and working, and regulate the minimum amount of time drivers must spend resting between driving shifts. In fact, in 2018, HOS regulations were one of the top industry issues of concern for the eighth consecutive year as the final implementation of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s Electronic Logging Device (FMCSA ELD) mandate to maintain safety limits on driving time was introduced.

As of Dec. 17, 2019, all U.S. based commercial motor carriers and drivers subject to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s FMCSA ELD rule must have an FMCSA ELD installed in order to comply with the mandate, which applies to motor carriers and drivers who currently are required to keep records of duty status under HOS regulations. The mandate also includes grandfathered automatic onboard recording devices, which are no longer allowed under the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations and are not considered an acceptable substitute for a required ELD.

The Purpose of the Mandate

The main purpose of the ELD mandate is to make it easier for drivers to accurately track, manage and share records of duty status information, in an effort to improve road safety and reduce collisions. An ELD works by automatically recording a driver’s driving time and other HOS data to alert a driver about fatigue and improve road safety. An ELD also monitors engine data, such as when the engine is running, when the vehicle is moving and how many miles are driven.

Consequences of Being Out of Compliance

To ensure compliance, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance has announced that inspectors are fully enforcing the ELD mandate — with no exceptions. If a driver is required to have an ELD, but the vehicle is not equipped with a registered, compliant ELD, the driver is considered to have no record of duty status. Without a record of duty status in a property-carrying driver’s possession, he or she will be declared out of service for 10 hours, and a passenger-carrying driver without a record of duty status will be placed out of service for eight hours. It’s important to note that the ELD mandate will not change any of the underlying HOS regulations.

Learn More

Visit the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s website to find answers to frequently asked questions and a downloadable checklist to assist in the selection of a compliant ELD.

At Worldwide Facilities, we have our finger on the pulse of the transportation industry. With industry expertise, wide market reach and strong carrier relationships, we’re helping brokers better serve their transportation clients by matching the right coverage to the right risk and providing personalized risk management services.

For more information, please contact Nicole Rickett at or 312-605-3439.

Sources: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration website, Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance website.

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